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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research

Profiling resistance pattern and assessing toxicity of coliform bacteria on the developmental stages of Artemia salina isolated from drinking water of northern part of Bangladesh

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Research Article

Author Details : Afrin Priya Talukder, Md Nazmul Haque, Rashed Zaman, Md, Akhtar-E-Ekram*

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 355-366

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Objectives: Scarcity of safe drinking water is a major health concern in Bangladesh. In this context, both
commercially and locally available drinking water in the northern part of Bangladesh were assessed.
Materials and Methods: Coliform bacteria were isolated on MacConkey agar media and morphological,
physiological, biochemical, molecular characterization were also done. Antibiotic resistance pattern was
tested through disc diffusion method. Acute toxicity assay was performed on stationary and exponential
stages of Artemia salina development as well as significant variation was analyzed by Duncan multiple
range test (DMRT) using statistical analysis software (SAS, version 9.1.3). Additionally, LC50 value was
evaluated through probit mortality software against Artemia salina.
Results: Among twelve samples, on MacConkey agar screening illustrated highest number of coliform
colonies in Sample 1 (Isolate A)> Sample 7 (Isolate B)> Sample 9 (Isolate C) and were selected on
the basis of colony number and morphology for microbiological and toxicological profiling. Molecular
identification using 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed isolate A, B and C as Aeromonas sp. with 76%,
Enterobacter sp. and Escherichia sp. with 96% homogeneity, respectively. Aeromonas sp. and Escherichia
sp. were multi-drug resistant against penicillin, ceftazidime, doxycycline and cefuroxime. Among three
isolates, Escherichia sp. showed highest toxicity on both stages of Artemia salina with abnormal organ
formation (atypical head width, swimming leg missing, deformed ovary) and no Artemia salina survival
was found in exponential phase after 8 hour. tD50 values were 6, 7 and 4 hour for Aeromonas sp.,
Enterobacter sp. and Escherichia sp., respectively. Moreover, highest toxic LC50 value was 48.32 0.17
ml for Escherichia sp. among three isolates.
Conclusion: The present study is the first considerable evidence of coliform bacterial toxicity on Artemia
salina development which indicates detrimental consequences of consuming contaminated drinking water.

Keywords: Coliform, Multi drug resistant (MDR), Artemia salina, DMRT analysis, tD50, LC50.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijmr.2019.075

How to cite : Talukder A P, Haque M N, Zaman R, Md, Akhtar-e-ekram, Profiling resistance pattern and assessing toxicity of coliform bacteria on the developmental stages of Artemia salina isolated from drinking water of northern part of Bangladesh. Indian J Microbiol Res 2019;6(4):355-366

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (