COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Print ISSN:-2394-546X

Online ISSN:-2394-5478


Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 1

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 749

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 287

Indian Journal of Microbiology Research

Biosurfactant: Types, Detection Methods, Importance and Applications

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Author Details : Nikhil Shah, Rohit Nikam, Shikha Gaikwad, Vaijayanti Sapre, Jaspal Kaur

Volume : 3, Issue : 1, Year : 2016

Article Page : 5-10

Suggest article by email


There are many insoluble substrates that remain unavailable for macro and micro organisms. A microorganism synthesizes surface active agents to utilize these substrates that are collectively called as biosurfactants. Biosurfactants enhances the surface area of hydrophobic water-insoluble substrates that organism utilizes it for its growth and work efficiently in process of biodegradation, bioremediation and biocontrol. Oil spilling is a distressing problem for the environment that is affecting chemical, physical and biological equilibrium of all systems. A microorganism does many miraculous jobs. In such oil spilling conditions, they are personalized to grow in environmental conditions that are rich in oil. Their ability of utilizing oil we cannot ignore that highlights its importance to utilize the hydrocarbons as sole sources of energy. The hydrocarbon-utilizing microorganisms generates surface active agent that accelerates the process that are best defined as biosurfactants. Many methods are there to check the biosurfactants potentiality of the bacterial isolates such as Hemolytic activity, Drop collapsing test, Oil spreading test, Emulsification index test, Blue agar plate or CTAB agar plate method and Hydrocarbon overlay agar method. In this paper its classification, properties, methods and significance are presented. The paper also highlights its importance in reducing the oil spills.

Key words
: Biosurfactants, Bioremediation, Emulsifiers, Hydrocarbon-degrading microorganisms.

How to cite : Shah N, Nikam R, Gaikwad S, Sapre V, Kaur J, Biosurfactant: Types, Detection Methods, Importance and Applications. Indian J Microbiol Res 2016;3(1):5-10

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (