COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 14th April 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 14th April 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Article view: 701

Article download: 296

Indian Journal of Microbiology Research

Aerobic Bacteriological Profile from Wound Site Infections in Road Traffic Accident (RTA) Patients

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Author Details : Mythri B.A, Asha B. Patil, Arati K., Sharon V.A

Volume : 3, Issue : 1, Year : 2016

Article Page : 37-39

Suggest article by email


Background: Infections of musculoskeletal injuries due to road traffic accidents, especially open fractures, continue to pose a challenge. There is limited information on the early bacterial contaminants of these wounds and their antibiotic sensitivity patterns in our environment. This study was done to determine the aerobic bacteriological profile of wound site infections in road traffic accident patients at initial presentation and their antibiotic susceptibility profile. The study was carried out over a one year period.
Method: Discharge and swabs from the wounds of 247 patients presenting to the Casualty, KIMS Hospital were collected with aseptic precautions prior to the initiation of empiric antibiotic therapy. Gram stain, culture were performed and the isolates were subjected to antibiotic susceptibility testing by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method, as per CLSI guidelines.
Results: Of the 247 samples studied, growth was observed in 232 samples of which 221 were monomicrobial and 11 were polymicrobial. A total of 273 bacterial isolates were recovered. Gram positive cocci constituted 40.3% and gram negative bacilli constituted 59.7% of the isolates. The most common pathogen isolated was Staphylococcus aureus followed by Pseudomonas spp. and Coagulase Negative Staphylococci. 36.5% of the Staphylococcus aureus isolates were found to be methicillin resistant.
Conclusion: This study shows that Staphylococcus aureus and pseudomonas were the commonest organisms associated with the RTA wound site.  A high rate of MRSA, MBL and ESBL producers was observed which imply treatment failure with empirical antibiotics. Hence the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolated organisms should be obtained at the earliest to avoid unwarranted prolonged empirical therapy and to administer appropriate and effective treatment.

Keywords: Bacterial, Bacterial infections, Injuries, Infection, Trauma, Wounds, Wound infections

How to cite : B.a M, Patil A B, Arati K., V.a S, Aerobic Bacteriological Profile from Wound Site Infections in Road Traffic Accident (RTA) Patients. Indian J Microbiol Res 2016;3(1):37-39

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (