COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details. editor@innovativepublication.com, rakesh.its@gmail.com, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804


Print ISSN:-2394-546X

Online ISSN:-2394-5478

CODEN : IJMR06

Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 1

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 541

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 215

Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Prevalence of Uropathogens and their Antibiotic susceptibility pattern among Diabetic group in a Tertiary care hospital, Tirupathi


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Praveen Kumar Saginela, Suguneswari Giddi, Ramana BV, Y. Hyma Pratyusha

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 220-223


Suggest article by email


Abstract

Introduction & Objective: Urinary tract infections are most common infections occurred and cause adverse effect in diabetic mellitus patients. Impairment in the immune system, poor metabolism control and incomplete bladder emptying due to autonomic neuropathy may contribute to enhanced risk of urinary tract infection in diabetic patients. The study was undergone to find out the prevalence and incidence of urinary tract infection among diabetic patients according to sex, age and antibiotic sensitivity pattern of isolates obtained.
Materials and Method: Total cases of 250 diabetic patients were studied over a period of 6 months from November to April 2015. Diagnosis of diabetes was made based on the WHO Criteria. Mid stream samples were collected under aseptic precautions and were processed by using standard microbiological procedures. Urine samples were inoculated on Blood agar, MacConkey agar and Nutrient agar and growth characteristics were studies after 24 hrs of incubation. All culture positive isolates were subjected to antibiotic sensitivity by modifies Kirby-Bauers method.
Results & Interpretation: Among 250 samples 100 samples yielded growth. The isolates obtained were Escherichia coli (53%) the dominant isolate followed by Enterococcus faecalis (19%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (10%), Klebsiella Pneumoniae (7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4%), Staphylococcus aureus (3%), Proteus vulgaris (2%) Acinetobacter species (2%). The isolates were highly sensitive to, Amikacin, Imipenem, Nitrofurantoin and Pipercillin -Tazobactum.
Conclusions: Diabetic patients are at high risk of development of UTI. Continued surveillance of resistance rates among uropathogens is needed to ensure appropriate recommendation for the treatment of these infections.

Keywords
: Urinary tract infection, Antibiotic resistance, Diabetic uropathogens.

How to cite : Saginela P K, Giddi S, Ramana Bv, Pratyusha Y H, Prevalence of Uropathogens and their Antibiotic susceptibility pattern among Diabetic group in a Tertiary care hospital, Tirupathi. Indian J Microbiol Res 2017;4(2):220-223

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)