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CODEN : IJMR06

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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Correlation between stool microscopy and level of immunosuppression in HIV/AIDS patients with diarrhea in East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh


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Author Details : A.Rajendra Babu, T. Jaya Chandra, R. Lakshmi Kumari

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2017

Article Page : 416-418


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Abstract

Introduction: Gastrointestinal infections are very common in HIV patients, and diarrhea is a common clinical condition seen in them. With this observation, a study was conducted to find the parasites that cause opportunistic infections (OIs) and its association with immune status in the HIV-infected patients.
Materials and Method: This study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology, Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India, for 3 months, that is, from January to March 2013. Stool samples were collected and observed under microscope to detect diarrhea-causing parasites. Direct saline mount, iodine mount, and modified acid fast, modified trichrome stain were carried out. CD4 counts were measured by using FACS counting system.
Results: Among the 178 study participants who had diarrhea and who were on antiretroviral treatment, maximum parasites were observed in patients with CD4 counts <200 cells/µL (65%), followed by 200–499 cells/µL (35%).
Conclusion: OIs were identified in 54.5% of the HIV patients and the infections were more in patients with CD4 count <200 cells/µL. This would help the clinician to plan a proper treatment schedule.

Keywords:
CD4; HIV patients; Opportunistic infection; Stool

How to cite : Babu A, Chandra T J, Kumari R L, Correlation between stool microscopy and level of immunosuppression in HIV/AIDS patients with diarrhea in East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh. Indian J Microbiol Res 2017;4(4):416-418

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)