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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Whole cell immobilization of thermostable ?-amylase from phosphate solubilizing Bacillus thuringiensis A5-BRSC


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Author Details : Sandip Bandopadhyay

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 266-270


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Abstract

Introduction: Immobilization of the whole cell is a modern approach to fermentative production of different enzymes. The technique has several advantages including easy separation of the fermented product, least chance of contamination and no chance of wash out of cells during product recovery.
Materials and Methods: ?-amylase produced from Calcium alginate entrapped cells of Bacillus thuringiensis A5-BRSC was purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation, followed by DE-52 ion exchange column chromatography. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was determined by SDS-PAGE. Study of enzyme kinetics was performed to determine its enzymatic potency.

Results: Immobilization of Bacillus thuringiensis A5-BRSC cells in calcium alginate resulted in more than 3.5 times higher ?-amylase activity than free cells within 48 hours of batch fermentation. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 52 kDa by SDS-PAGE. The enzyme exhibited pH optima at 6.9 and temperature optima at 500C. KM and Vmax of the purified enzyme was determined to be 0.85 mg/ml and 0.98 mg of liberated maltose/ml of enzyme/minute.
Conclusion:?-amylase produced form the immobilized cells found to be more potent than the enzyme produced by the free cells.

Keywords:Cell immobilization, Bacillus thuringiensis, ?-amylase, Column chromatography

Doi : 10.18231/2394-5478.2018.0055

How to cite : Bandopadhyay S, Whole cell immobilization of thermostable ?-amylase from phosphate solubilizing Bacillus thuringiensis A5-BRSC. Indian J Microbiol Res 2018;5(2):266-270

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)