COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 14th April 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 14th April 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details. editor@innovativepublication.com, rakesh.its@gmail.com, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Article view: 490

Article download: 220

Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Speciation and antibiogram of Staphylococcus isolated in a tertiary care centre


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Neelesh Naik, Anusuya Devi D*, Veena Krishnamurthy

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 404-407


Suggest article by email


Abstract

Introduction: Staphylococcus have become common cause of skin and soft tissue infections. Resistance to a number of drugs have increased and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and inducible clindamycin resistance (iMLSB) have become a major problem for the treatment of Staphylococcal infections. This study was undertaken to detect MRSA and iMLSB and to determine the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolates.
Materials and Methods: 150 isolates of Staphylococcus were studied for detecting the antibiotic resistance pattern and also to detect MRSA using cefoxitin disc and oxacillin E test. iMLSB resistance among MRSA strains was detected using D test.
Results: Out of 150 isolates of Staphylococcus, 117(78%) isolates were of Staphylococcus aureus and 33(22%) isolates were of Coagulase negative Staphylococci. Staphylococcus was most sensitive to vancomycin followed by linezolid and clindamycin. Penicillin was the least sensitive antibiotic. 29 (24.7%) strains of Staphylococcus aureus were MRSA. Among them, 16(44.8%) were erythromycin resistant and 4(13.7%) of erythromycin resistant strains were found to be inducible clindamycin resistant.
Conclusion: Testing of all the isolates of Staphylococcus for antibiotic resistance and to test Staphylococcus aureus for MRSA and for iMLSB resistance is important in determining the antibiotic sensitivity which will prevent treatment failure.

Keywords: Antibiogram, Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Inducible clindamycin resistance.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-5478.2018.0084

How to cite : Naik N, Anusuya Devi D, Krishnamurthy V, Speciation and antibiogram of Staphylococcus isolated in a tertiary care centre. Indian J Microbiol Res 2018;5(3):404-407

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)