COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 14th April 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 14th April 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details. editor@innovativepublication.com, rakesh.its@gmail.com, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Article view: 466

Article download: 179

IP Indian Journal of Neurosciences


Prevalence and socio-demographic and clinical correlation of migraine in depressive disorder – A cross sectional study


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Krishnadas N C, Fazal Ghafoor P A, Asfia Khaleel, Rajmohan Velayudhan, Raghuram T M

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 78-81


Suggest article by email

Abstract

Introduction: Studies have shown an association between migraine and psychiatric disorders like depression where a bidirectional etiology exists.
Aim: To study the prevalence of migraine among depressed patients and to correlate the severity of migraine and depression.
Methodology: The included 152 outpatients who were diagnosed with depressive disorder and recurrent depressive disorder using the ICD 10 diagnostic criteria. They were then given the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D). Migraine was diagnosed using the International Headache Society (IHS) diagnostic criteria of migraine and rated using the Migraine Disability Assessment Score (MIDAS). Data were analyzed using chi-square test, independent sample t test and Pearson’s correlation.
Results: The study included 152 patients with depression. There is a 35.5% prevalence of migraine was seen in depressed patients. In 75.9% of cases, migraine was previously un-diagnosed. There was a significant association between presence of migraine and female sex (χ2= 5.32, p=0.02), student status (χ2 =; 1.5 p<0.001), low socio-economic status (χ2=25.8p<0.001), current status of depression (χ2=5.45; p=0.015), severity of depression (χ2=38.3; p=0.023), non-psychotic depression (χ2=23.6; p<0.001), death wishes (χ2=21.8; p<0.001), fewer episodes of depression (t=2.34; p=0.02) and medical co-morbidity (χ2=19.3; p<0.001).
Conclusion: The study clearly shows a high prevalence and non-detection of migraine in depressives and shows that non-psychotic depression, death wishes and medical co-morbidity significantly predicts migraine.

Keywords: Migraine, Depression, Headache, MIDAS, HDRS.

Doi : 10.18231/2455-8451.2018.0020

How to cite : Krishnadas N C, Fazal Ghafoor P A, Khaleel A, Velayudhan R, Raghuram T M, Prevalence and socio-demographic and clinical correlation of migraine in depressive disorder – A cross sectional study. IP Indian J Neurosci 2018;4(2):78-81

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Indian J Neurosci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)