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IP Indian Journal of Neurosciences

Prevalence and socio-demographic and clinical correlation of migraine in depressive disorder – A cross sectional study

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Author Details : Krishnadas N C, Fazal Ghafoor P A, Asfia Khaleel, Rajmohan Velayudhan, Raghuram T M

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 78-81

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Introduction: Studies have shown an association between migraine and psychiatric disorders like depression where a bidirectional etiology exists.
Aim: To study the prevalence of migraine among depressed patients and to correlate the severity of migraine and depression.
Methodology: The included 152 outpatients who were diagnosed with depressive disorder and recurrent depressive disorder using the ICD 10 diagnostic criteria. They were then given the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D). Migraine was diagnosed using the International Headache Society (IHS) diagnostic criteria of migraine and rated using the Migraine Disability Assessment Score (MIDAS). Data were analyzed using chi-square test, independent sample t test and Pearson’s correlation.
Results: The study included 152 patients with depression. There is a 35.5% prevalence of migraine was seen in depressed patients. In 75.9% of cases, migraine was previously un-diagnosed. There was a significant association between presence of migraine and female sex (χ2= 5.32, p=0.02), student status (χ2 =; 1.5 p<0.001), low socio-economic status (χ2=25.8p<0.001), current status of depression (χ2=5.45; p=0.015), severity of depression (χ2=38.3; p=0.023), non-psychotic depression (χ2=23.6; p<0.001), death wishes (χ2=21.8; p<0.001), fewer episodes of depression (t=2.34; p=0.02) and medical co-morbidity (χ2=19.3; p<0.001).
Conclusion: The study clearly shows a high prevalence and non-detection of migraine in depressives and shows that non-psychotic depression, death wishes and medical co-morbidity significantly predicts migraine.

Keywords: Migraine, Depression, Headache, MIDAS, HDRS.

Doi : 10.18231/2455-8451.2018.0020

How to cite : Krishnadas N C, Fazal Ghafoor P A, Khaleel A, Velayudhan R, Raghuram T M, Prevalence and socio-demographic and clinical correlation of migraine in depressive disorder – A cross sectional study. IP Indian J Neurosci 2018;4(2):78-81

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