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IP Indian Journal of Neurosciences


Comprehensive cognitive retraining with CogSMART in mild traumatic brain injury: An interventional study


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Research Article

Author Details : Shanthi Kannan, Ramesh Kannan*, V Chandramohan

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2019

Article Page : 160-166


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Abstract

Traumatic brain injury is one of the major causes of Neurological disability in India. 1 Post Concussive
Symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are usually ignored and not given importance, due
to natural recovery and return to work. The aim of the present study was to find out the efficacy of
Cognitive Retraining using CogSMART (Cognitive symptom management and rehabilitation therapy) for
mild traumatic brain injury. The objectives were to measure cognitive impairment and evaluate the efficacy
of CogSMART in the improvement of impaired cognitive functions. Sixty six out of ninety mild traumatic
brain injury patients who were free from psychiatric problems were divided equally into experimental
group, who received CogSMART, and control group who did not receive any intervention. Cognitive
assessment was done using PGI battery of brain dysfunctions before the intervention, one and three
months after withdrawing the intervention. Experimental group showed significant improvement (p<0> in Memory, Verbal Intelligence, Performance Intelligence, Visual acuity and Visuomotor functions than
the control group after the cognitive intervention. Cognitive Retraining, using CogSMART has the
potential to improve cognitive impairment, which is commonly ignored in mTBI for a better quality of
life. Early identification and intervention of cognitive impairment in mTBI can prevent long term persistent
neurological dysfunction.

Keywords: Cognitive functions, CogSMART, Mild traumatic brain injury, Neuropsychological assessment.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijn.2019.025

How to cite : Kannan S, Kannan R, Chandramohan V, Comprehensive cognitive retraining with CogSMART in mild traumatic brain injury: An interventional study. IP Indian J Neurosci 2019;5(3):160-166

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Indian J Neurosci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)