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IP Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research


Hyoid bone in skeletal Class II & skeletal Class III- A cephalometric study


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Author Details : Sneh Kalgotra, Abhishek Khajuria, Monika Attri

Volume : 1, Issue : 1, Year : 2015

Article Page : 1-4


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Abstract

Background & Objective: The disturbances of orofacial functions lead to abnormal growth and development of the orofacial complex. The objective of the study was to determine the position of the hyoid bone in skeletal Class II & skeletal Class III subjects and it the position was affected by different skeletal patterns.
Methods: In the sample size of 102 was calculated using Cohen’s formula, 102 lateral cephalograms were taken, (51 girls and 51 boys, aged 14-33 years) which were segregated using five different skeletal parameters into skeletal Class II & Skeletal Class III. All lateral cephalograms were traced and Independent t – test was used for the comparison. SPSS software was used for final analysis.
Results: Hyoid bone is anteriorly placed in males (P<0.05). Overall comparison between Class II, Class III subjects, Hyoid bone was more posteriorly situated in Class II subjects compared to Class III subjects and is statistically significant (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The sagittal skeletal pattern may be a contributory factor in variation position of hyoid bone, Hyoid was more posteriorly placed in Class II subjects than in Class III was most.

Key words
: Hyoid bone, skeletal Class II & skeletal Class III.

How to cite : Kalgotra S, Khajuria A, Attri M, Hyoid bone in skeletal Class II & skeletal Class III- A cephalometric study. IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res 2015;1(1):1-4

Copyright © 2015 by author(s) and IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)