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IP Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research


Comparison of extraction versus non-extraction orthodontic treatment outcomes for borderline cases in the Indian population


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Author Details : Prachi Solanki, Rajaganesh Gautam, Wasu Patil, Sonali Khandekar, Ajit Kalia

Volume : 2, Issue : 4, Year : 2016

Article Page : 172-176


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Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to assess orthodontic treatment outcomes in Indian patients with borderline problems treated with and without extractions.
Methods: Records of 25 borderline patients treated at the Orthodontic & Dentofacial Orthopaedics Department M.A. Rangoonwala Dental College, Pune were evaluated retrospectively by 5 associate professors. Each judge evaluated the post-treatment records independently for tooth alignment, overbite, overjet, midline symmetry, lateral occlusion, and facial profile, and rated them on a scale from 1 to 5.
Results: The only statistically significant difference between the extraction and non-extraction groups was for facial profile, with the judges preferring the extraction profiles. When profile changes from pretreatment to post-treatment were examined, significant differences in treatment-associated changes between extraction and non-extraction groups were all related to the lower lip and chin.
Conclusions: In this sample of Indian borderline orthodontic patients, these clinicians had a statistically significant preference for the facial profiles of the extraction patients, but no statistically significant preferences for tooth alignment, overbite, overjet, midline symmetry, or posterior occlusion.

Keyword:
Borderline patients, Extraction, Non-extraction, Facial profiles

How to cite : Solanki P, Gautam R, Patil W, Khandekar S, Kalia A, Comparison of extraction versus non-extraction orthodontic treatment outcomes for borderline cases in the Indian population. IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res 2016;2(4):172-176

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)