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IP Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research


Soft tissue profile changes in growing patients having Class II Division 1 Malocclusion treated by Modified Activator with lip bumper


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Author Details : Maher Fouda, Ahmed Hafez, Mohammed Al-Awdi

Volume : 3, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 103-106


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Abstract

Objective: to evaluate the soft tissue profile changes induced by modified Teuscher activator with lip bumper on growing patients.
Materials and Method: the present prospective clinical study consisted of fifteen subjects (8 girls and 7 boys) with skeletal class II division 1 malocclusion due to retrognathism of the mandible with mean age of (10.4 ± 0.6 years) years. Cases were selected to be treated for 14 months.
Results: A significant difference of all soft tissue variables from T0-T1 was found for both angular and linear measurements on the cephalometric radiographs analysis.
Conclusion: Treatment of Growing patients with Class II division 1 by Teuscher activator with lip bumper showed esthetic improvements due to significant changes in soft tissue profile, as a result of mandibular advancement.

Keywords:
Soft tissue, Class II division 1 malocclusion, Modified activator, Lip bumper, Growing patients

How to cite : Fouda M, Hafez A, Al-awdi M, Soft tissue profile changes in growing patients having Class II Division 1 Malocclusion treated by Modified Activator with lip bumper. IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res 2017;3(2):103-106

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)