COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 14th April 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 14th April 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Article view: 460

Article download: 210

IP Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research

Biochemical regulation of condylar growth and remodelling – An overview

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Author Details : Vikash Kumar, Tulika Tripathi*, Shilpa Kalra, Priyank Rai

Volume : 4, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 138-145

Suggest article by email


Condylar cartilage has been classified as an articular cartilage. It has been further categorized as a secondary cartilage. This characterization is based upon its delayed development, unique histological features and adaptive capability to external stimuli. This adaptive and remodelling capacity of condylar cartilage to forward positioning of mandible forms basis of orthodontic functional treatment.
Molecular and genetic control of epiphyseal cartilage has been well documented. However condylar cartilage has received attention only in last few decades. Condylar cartilage growth has partial genetic and strong epigenetic control. Epigenetic control includes systemic factors and local factors, such as growth factors and mechanical stimuli. Various growth factors and transduction mediators bring about natural development and adaptive remodelling of condylar cartilage. Growth factors are large group of polypeptide molecule which exerts its effect by paracrine or endocrine mechanism. Growth factors can exert various effects depending on the type of receptor it interacts. Depending upon the receptor it can bring about mitotic, hypertrophic or anti proliferative effect. These molecular controls play important role in growth and homeostasis.
This article is an attempt to assimilate available knowledge and current concept regarding molecular and genetic control of condylar growth.

Keywords: Condylar growth, Remodelling, Growth factor.

Doi : 10.18231/2455-6785.2018.0027

How to cite : Kumar V, Tripathi T, Kalra S, Rai P, Biochemical regulation of condylar growth and remodelling – An overview. IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res 2018;4(3):138-145

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Indian J Orthod Dentofacial Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (