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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy complicated by fibroid uterus


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Research Article

Author Details : Pooja Bhat, Anushree Patel*, Ravindra S Pukale

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 435-439


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Abstract

Introduction: Fibroids are most common benign tumours of female reproductive tract. Fibroid in
pregnancy is associated with complications like preterm labor, malpresentations, etc.
Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to the incidence, clinical presentation, maternal and fetal
outcomes among pregnant women with Leiomyoma and its management.
Materials and Methods: This is a prospective observational study in Department of OBG,
Adichunchanagiri hospital, from Jan 2017 to July 2019. Parameters such as age, parity, size and type
of fibroid, mode of delivery and perinatal outcomes were analysed using Epi info software.
Results: Out of 5043 deliveries conducted, 30 cases were detected with fibroid during pregnancy, incidence
being 0.5%. Majority belonged to age group 25-29 years (50%), 18 (60%) were Primigravida, 26(86.66%)
underwent LSCS,4(13.33%) underwent preterm vaginal delivery,16.66% had malpresentation, 2(15%)
underwent myomectomy, and 6(20%) had PROM,5(16.6%) were infertility treated, 20(66.66%) had pain
abdomen, 3(10%) had PPH, and Abruption in 3.3%, IUGR in 16%, LBW in 26.66% of deliveries.
Conclusion: Pregnancy with fibroid is considered as high risk. Timely diagnosis and management of
antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum complications with good neonatal care leads to successful outcome.
Caesarean myomectomy in selected cases can prove beneficial.

Keywords: Fibroid in pregnancy, Myomectomy, Caesarean section.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijogr.2019.095

How to cite : Bhat P, Patel A, Pukale R S, Maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy complicated by fibroid uterus. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2019;6(4):435-439

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)