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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Effects of hypothyroidism in Indian women of reproductive age group – A review article


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Review Article

Author Details : Selvi Kumar, Pushpa Kotur*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 1-6


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Abstract

Introduction: Thyroid diseases are the commonest endocrine disorders worldwide. Thyroid dysfunction
is 10 times more common in women than in men. Hypothyroidism among women of reproductive age
group is linked to menstrual irregularities, polycystic ovaries, recurrent pregnancy loss and infertility:
Aim: The aim of the present review is to provide a comprehensive view of the literature regarding the
association of hypothyroidism in reproductive age group women 15-45 years.
Materials and Methods: A literature search was performed using electronic databases like Pubmed/
Medline to identify from 2000 to 201 8. The search yielded around 18 original research articles.
Results: In Correlation of Hypothyroidism with Reproductive Health Problem, the various studies results
show that menorrghia is the commonest menstrual irregularity in 27%-72%, next common menstrual
irregularity is oligomenorrhea varying from 5 - 26 %. As reviewed from various other studies on association
of hypothyroidism with PCOS was found to be between 21% - 32%, Hypothyroidism with Infertility was
22% - 32% and hypothyroidism with recurrent pregnancy loss was found to be 4-15%.
Conclusion: In reproductive age women with hypothyroidism have reproductive health problems like
menstrual irregularities, polycystic ovarian syndrome, miscarriages and infertility. Hence thyroid function
test should be routinely recommended for all women in reproductive age as it helps in early detection
of hypothyr oidism that can be treated medically with hormones and is cost-effective. Unnecessary
surgery can be avoided in menstrual irregularities like menorrhagia and complications of pregnancy can
be prevented which will reduce burden on the health system and society.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism menstrual irregularities, PCOS infertility recurrent pregnancy loss reproductive age group women.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijogr.2020.001

How to cite : Kumar S, Kotur P, Effects of hypothyroidism in Indian women of reproductive age group – A review article. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2020;7(1):1-6

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)