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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Spontaneous uterine rupture due to cornual placenta percreta in unscarred uterus: A rare & challenging case


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Author Details : Shelley Moudgil, Monica Karpa, Kamal Singh*, Anu Devi, Aahwani Verma

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 122-125


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Abstract

Spontaneous uterine rupture in unscarred uterus is a rare and catastrophic complication of pregnancy which
can occur at any stage. The placental implantation at cornual end leading to placenta percreta, least common
type of placenta accreta syndrome which causes uterine rupture in this case. Placenta accreta is defined as
the abnormal attachment or invasion of the whole placenta or parts of it to the underlying musculature.
It is a rare clinical condition with incidence ranging from 1: 500 to 1: 93000 deliveries. It is potentially
life-threatening for both the mother and the fetus. Adherent placenta accounts for 7-10% of maternal
mortality cases worldwide. Prenatal diagnosis seems to be a key factor in optimizing maternal outcome.
Both ultrasonography & MRI have good sensitivity for prenatal diagnosis of placenta accreta. In this report
we present the case of a G3P1011 with no known risk factors for adherent placenta who was diagnosed
to have uterine rupture due to placenta percreta at cornual end leading to haemorrhagic shock. There was
gross haemoperitoneum with evidence of uterine rupture on exploratoration which further proceeded with
caesarean section & peripartum hysterectomy. Her postoperative period was uneventful. This case report
emphasis the importance of keeping spontaneous uterine rupture due placenta percreta in the differential
diagnosis of pregnant patient presenting with pain abdomen, hypovolumic shock and intrauterine death
even in unscarred uterus.

Keywords: Placenta percreta, Unscarred uterus, Peripartum hystrectomy

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijogr.2020.026

How to cite : Moudgil S, Karpa M, Singh K , Devi A, Verma A, Spontaneous uterine rupture due to cornual placenta percreta in unscarred uterus: A rare & challenging case. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2020;7(1):122-125

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)