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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Knowledge, attitude, and practices of family planning methods among women of reproductive age attending OPD in tertiary care centre, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh


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Author Details : Fareha Khatoon, Garima Maurya, Nagma, Parul Sinha

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 242-246


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Abstract

Introduction: India, with 1.34 billion people is the second most populated country in the world, while china is on the top with over 1.41 billion people. Total fertility rate of India is 2.2 and the current total fertility rate of U.P is 3.72 which is still lagging behind other states like Kerela, Tamilnadu. Since the inception of program, several knowledge, attitude and practices studies have been conducted.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was done in department of obstetrics and gynaecology, Era’s Lucknow medical college, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. The study group include 523 married women of reproductive age group attending Gynaecology OPD. The results are presented in frequencies and percentages. Chi-square test is used for comparisons. The p-value<0.05 was considered significant. All the analysis was carried out on SPSS 16.0 version (Chicago, Inc., USA).
Results: Among the 523 women of reproductive age group maximum respondents belong to age group 21-30 years (78.77%). Most of the contraceptive non-users belongs to age below 20 years (64.7%) which is statically significant (p value=0.008). among respondents majority were Hindus (64.2%). Majority of respondents belongs to lower class (49%). Among lower class 67% respondents were non-contraceptive users. Among the temporary methods, condom is the well – known method, 78.8% and second most is oral contraceptives 76.1% followed by intrauterine devices (75.5%). Only 9.9% women knew about injectables. 77.8% women had positive attitude towards contraceptive usage and they would like to encourage others also for contraceptive usage.
64.9% women not practicing any family planning methods because of lack of knowledge while 18.7% women not using any contraceptive methods because of fear of side effects.
Conclusion: In our study we observed that with increasing educational status and socioeconomic status contraceptive practices is increasing. We need more services to improve women’s education and proper family planning counseling to allay the anxiety and fear about contraceptive usage. Also, women should be educated regarding available modern contraceptive methods.

Keywords: Family planning, Knowledge, Attitude, Practices.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-2754.2018.0054

How to cite : Khatoon F, Maurya G, Nagma, Sinha P, Knowledge, attitude, and practices of family planning methods among women of reproductive age attending OPD in tertiary care centre, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2018;5(2):242-246

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)