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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


Prevalence of poly cystic ovarian syndrome among students of a tertiary care teaching hospital


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Author Details : R S Sushmita Upadhy, Saswati Tripathy*, Satyajit Mohapatra

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2018

Article Page : 481-484


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Abstract

Purpose of Study: India already has highest number of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus globally and rapid rise of the incidence of obesity in children is the prime reason for increasing insulin resistance, the metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Prevalence of this syndrome in our community remains unknown.
Objective: The study was done to determine the prevalence of PCOS among students in Tamil Nadu, India due to sparsity of PCOS prevalence data in the state. We attempted to find its prevalence in students, aged between 17-23 years in a tertiary care teaching hospital.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study with sample size 246 was done. Students of aged 17-23 years were randomly selected from various batches of medical and paramedical courses. Presence of hyper androgenic features and menstrual irregularities were assessed and they were physically examined to validate the self-assessed mFG scoring. The diagnosis of PCOS was made on the basis of Rotterdam’s criteria.
Results: Seventy nine students (32.11%) met the criteria to be diagnosed as polycystic ovarian syndrome. Thirteen students (5.2%) had a history of thyroid dysfunction. The other clinical features of hyperandrogenism among those who had PCOS were like oily skin (13.82%), acne (8.53%), increased hair growth (5.69%), male pattern thinning of hair (9.75%), high degree of intolerance to cold and heat (3.25%) and galactorrhoea (0%).
Conclusion: PCOS can be thought of as a precursor syndrome that, if screened for, can help in early identification of risk of highly morbid conditions, in adolescent girls and women in their early twenties.

Keywords: PCOS, Adolescent, Risk factors.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-2754.2018.0109

How to cite : Upadhy R S S, Tripathy S, Mohapatra S, Prevalence of poly cystic ovarian syndrome among students of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2018;5(4):481-484

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)