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IP International Journal of Ocular Oncology and Oculoplasty


Fundoscopic changes in patients of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at tertiary care centre in Surat


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Research Article

Author Details : Trupti Solu, Krunal Vaja*, Isha Patel

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 222-225


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Abstract

Context: Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia are responsible for significant maternal and fetal mortality and
morbidity associated with pregnancy.
Aims: To determine incident and assessment of posterior segment changes in Pre-Eclampsia and
Eclampsia. To find association of retinal changes in relation to severity of disease with age, parity, blood
pressure, proteinuria.
Settings and Design: Cross-sectional study.
Materials and Methods: All cases of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia were included in this study. Age,
gravida, gestation period, blood pressure, and proteinuria were available on case records. Through retinal
examination was done and findings were noted.
Statistical analysis used: Chi-square test.
Results: A total of 251 patients of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia were enrolled. The mean age of patients
was 24.79 years. The gestation period ranged from 20 weeks to 36 weeks; 88 were the primigravida. 223
patients had preeclampsia, and 28 had eclampsia. Retinal changes (hypertensive retinopathy) were noted
in 84 patients - Grade 1 in 55, Grade 2 in 27 and Grade 4 in 1. Retinal detachment was seen in one patient.
Conclusions: Retinal changes were seen in 33.46% of patients. Statistical association was found with
lower age group, primigravida and severity of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. No association found with
proteinuria.

Keywords: PreEclampsia, Eclampsia, Retinal changes, Proteinuria.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijooo.2019.051

How to cite : Solu T, Vaja K, Patel I, Fundoscopic changes in patients of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at tertiary care centre in Surat. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2019;5(4):222-225

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)