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IP International Journal of Ocular Oncology and Oculoplasty


Prospective study of ectropion and entropion at department of ophthalmology, Thanjavur Medical College


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Author Details : Thaialnayaki Vellaichamy, Gnanaselvan Joseph

Volume : 2, Issue : 3, Year : 2016

Article Page : 190-195


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Abstract

Introduction: Eyelid malpositions are not so uncommon conditions of the eyelid which seek attention by the patients. ectropion (outward rotation of eyelid) and entropion (inward rotation of eyelid). Both are broadly classified as congenital and acquired. There are different etiologies among acquired ectropion and entropion like senile, involutional, paralytic, cicatricial, spastic and mechanical. The senile ectropion and entropion share a common pathology, weakness of eyelid retractors.
Purpose: To study the occurrence of eyelid malpositions- ectropion and entropion in the study population, various etiologies, gender and age-wise distribution and complications associated with ectropion and entropion.
Method: Prospective study, with 40 patients satisfying the inclusion criteria among the screened population.
Results: Ectropion more common than entropion and among paralytic ectropion Bell’s Palsy (95%) being the commonest cause. Corneal complications are more in Ectropion. Among Entropion senility being the commonest etiology.
Conclusion: The Oculoplastic Surgeon play a great role in treating patients with eyelid malposition. Timely intervention is needed to prevent vision threatening complications. General Ophthalmologist to identify and refer the patients at the earliest.

Keywords:
Bell’s palsy, Ectropion, Entropion, Etiologies, Oculoplasty, Senility

How to cite : Vellaichamy T, Joseph G, Prospective study of ectropion and entropion at department of ophthalmology, Thanjavur Medical College. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2016;2(3):190-195

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)