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IP International Journal of Ocular Oncology and Oculoplasty


Orbital teratomas: An overview


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Author Details : Sonia Phulke

Volume : 3, Issue : 4, Year : 2017

Article Page : 243-246


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Abstract

Teratoma accounts for almost 6.6% of childhood tumours. The most common locations for teratomas are gonadal, sacrococcygeal (57%), retroperitoneal, and mediastinal regions. Teratomas are usually considered as benign tumours, although they grow rapidly, but very rarely malignant. Orbital teratoma usually presents as severe unilateral proptosis or as orbitofacial asymmetry in healthy newborns. Orbital teratomas may remain dormant for years in adults and suddenly present as an acute painful proptosis due to hemorrhage or intracystic accumulation of secretion secondary to accidental trauma. The tumour can vary in size from small to extensive one. The article aims to describe clinical, histopathological, radiological characteristics and management of orbital teratomas.

Keywords: Germ cell layer, Orbit, Orbital teratoma.

How to cite : Phulke S, Orbital teratomas: An overview. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2017;3(4):243-246

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)