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IP International Journal of Ocular Oncology and Oculoplasty

Incidence of different morphological types of diabetic macular edema on OCT in western Indian Population

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Research Article

Author Details : Nilesh Sharmali, Minhaz Karkhanawala, Somesh Aggarwal*, Anindita Duttaroy, Jignasha Makvana

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2019

Article Page : 139-142

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Objective: This study is aimed at establishing the incidence of different morphological types of diabetic macular edema on OCT in the Western Indian population.
Design: The study was a retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study based on hospital records.
Setting: M and J Western Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, India.
Subjects: 206 eyes of 105 patients were studied, out of which 65 were men (61.90%) and 40(39.10%) were women. The age of patients ranged from 30-80 years (mean 56 years).
Intervention: No intervention was done for the purpose of the study.
Main outcome and Measures: The incidence of different morphological types of macular edema on OCT was calculated.
Results: The incidence of various types of ME was same across all age groups as well as both gender groups. The incidence was as follows: no macular edema in 18.93% patients, focal macular thickening in 13.1%, diffuse non cystoid macular edema in 12.13%, diffuse cystoid macular edema in 24.75%, tractional macular edema due to posterior hyaloid traction in 2.91%, tractional edema due to epiretinal membrane in 8.73%, both posterior hyaloid traction and epiretinal membrane in 3.39% and macular serous retinal detachment in 16% patients.
Conclusion: With the availability of the geographical distribution of different types of DME, treatment of DME can be tailored to the population. Also, the causes of such a difference in incidence of various patterns of DME in different populations can be established with further studies.

Keywords: Diabetic macular edema (DME), Optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijooo.2019.036

How to cite : Sharmali N, Karkhanawala M, Aggarwal S, Duttaroy A, Makvana J, Incidence of different morphological types of diabetic macular edema on OCT in western Indian Population. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2019;5(3):139-142

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (