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Print ISSN:-2395-1354

Online ISSN:-2395-1362

CODEN : IJOSHC

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Indian Journal of Orthopaedics Surgery


Evaluation of results of surgical management of lateral tibial condyle fractures using locking compression plate


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Author Details : Govind Kumar Gupta, Sudha Rani, Rajkumar

Volume : 4, Issue : 1, Year : 2018

Article Page : 73-77


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Abstract

Introduction: Tibial plateau fractures are the common injuries that may be associated with poor outcomes and a high rate of complications. The problem rise significantly in high energy trauma and severe soft tissue injuries. Locked compression plating system has clear biomechanical advantages and avoids iatrogenic tissue damage when compared with conventional plating. The purpose of surgical management is to restore and preserve normal knee function. It can be accomplished by anatomical restoration of articular surfaces, maintaining mechanical axis, restoring ligamentous stability and preserving a functional pain free range of motion of knee.
Materials and Methods: This is a prospective study of 36 patients with tibial plateau (Schatzker type I, II and III) fractures fixed with lateral locking compression plate over lateral surface of tibia and followed for a minimum period of 6 months and evaluated by using Rasmussen knee score system.
Results: All patients were followed properly but two patients were lost to follow up so only remaining 34 patients were finally evaluated for functional outcome. Mean age of patient was 38.8 years with range of 19 to 70 years. All fractures united by average of 17.5 weeks (range 14-25 weeks) with delayed union observed in 6 cases. Three patients had wound dehisence, three varus deformity, one deep vein thrombosis, four arthritis and five cases of each knee joint pain & stiffness. According to Rasmussen's scoring system, 52.94% patients had excellent results, 32.35% patients had good, 8.22% fair and 5.88% poor result.
Conclusions: Locking plates are good option for lateral tibial condyle fractures with minimum complications. Anatomical reduction can be easily maintained with locking plates, which also helps in early mobilization and hence obtaining good functional outcome in tibial condylar fractures.

Keywords: Tibial plateau fractures, Schatzker (type I, II and III) classification, Locking compression plate, Rasmussen knee score.

Doi : 10.18231/2395-1362.2018.0016

How to cite : Gupta G K, Rani S, Rajkumar, Evaluation of results of surgical management of lateral tibial condyle fractures using locking compression plate. Indian J Orthop Surg 2018;4(1):73-77

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Orthop Surg. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)