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IP International Journal of Periodontology and Implantology

Obesity and periodontal disease – An overview

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Author Details : R Vijayalakshmi*, Thamaraiselvan , Jaideep Mahendra, Sruthi Srinivasan, Burnice Nalina Kumari

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 1-5

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Obesity is a condition where the utilization and distribution of nutrients and energy status poses to be a challenge at cell and organism levels. Obesity is often associated with increased lipid and blood glucose levels, which may have deleterious consequences for the host response leading to alterations in T cells and monocytes/macrophages, as well as an increased cytokine production. Periodontitis, is an inflammatory disease process that results in permanent destruction of the supporting apparatus of the teeth, including the loss of gingival connective tissue, destruction of the periodontal ligament and resorption of alveolar bone. It is associated with increased prevalence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There is a rationale that indicates that the presence of periodontal pockets which can harbor pathogenic microorganisms can evoke a host response and elicit a systemic effect. A potential interaction among obesity, periodontitis, and chronic disease incidence has been reported. This literature review aims at elaborating the possible inter-relationship between obesity and periodontal disease. Articles for this overview were procured from search engines google, google scholar and PubMed.

Keywords: Obesity, Periodontitis, Inflammation, Cytokines.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijpi.2020.001

How to cite : Vijayalakshmi R, Thamaraiselvan, Mahendra J, Srinivasan S, Kumari B N, Obesity and periodontal disease – An overview. IP Int J Periodontol Implantol 2020;5(1):1-5

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Int J Periodontol Implantol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (