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IP International Journal of Periodontology and Implantology


Peri implantitis: An overview


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Review Article

Author Details : Benita Maria Regi*, S Savita, Gautami Kaimal

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 11-15


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Abstract

Biologic complications associated with dental implants primarily relate to infection in the soft and hard tissue around implants known as peri implant mucositis and peri implantitis respectively. Prevalence of peri implantitis rates upto 60% and lead to the loss of implants. Current evidence points to poor oral hygiene, history of periodontitis, and smoking as being the strongest risk indicators for peri implantitis along with the factors affecting plaque accumulation and removal like design of prosthesis and excess cement. Different methods are used to assess peri implant tissue health and to diagnose these entities. Various treatment modalities are available including conservative and surgical approaches for the treatment of peri implant diseases so as to achieve reosseointegration of the exposed implant surface, being the ultimate goal. The aim of this review is to provide an overview regarding etiology, diagnosis and treatment of peri implantitis.

Keywords: Mouthwash, Chlorhexidine, Stains, Bacteria.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijpi.2020.003

How to cite : Regi B M, Savita S, Kaimal G, Peri implantitis: An overview. IP Int J Periodontol Implantol 2020;5(1):11-15

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Int J Periodontol Implantol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)