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Print ISSN:-2394-6784

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CODEN : IJPOF3

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Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 2

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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Non neoplastic lesions of thyroid– Histopathological study


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Research Article

Author Details : Mahesh Kumar C H, Gayatri M*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 118-122


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Abstract

Introduction: Thyroid swellings are routinely encountered cases in clinical practice particularly among
Asian countries as iodine deficiency plays a crucial etiological role in predominant cases of non neoplastic
lesions. Thyroid swelling creates a major socioeconomic and health problem as they present as
asymptomatic nodules many a times as firm swellings or as soft cystic in consistency masses. Thyroid
gland lesions presents a large variety of pathological lesions. Incidence of non neoplastic lesions are more
common than neoplastic lesions. Present study aims to know the spectrum of presentation of these non
neoplastic lesions of thyroid.
Materials and Methods: In the present study the data was analysed and a total of 209 cases of non
neoplastic lesions of thyroid were studied. The study was carried out in the Department of Pathology of an
Autonomous institute Government Medical college and hospital (RIMS), Raichur, India, for a period of 3
years with 2 years of retrospective and 1 year of prospective study respectively.
Results: In the present study results collected were analysed and portrayed that out of 209 cases, higher
incidence of Non neoplastic lesions were noted in 3rd decade and 4th decade of life, predominant number
of the patients were diagnosed in females with 68.8% and when data was analysed, which showed that
the female to male ratio was 2.3:1. Colloid goiter formed the major non neoplastic lesions having a total
of 110 cases with 52.63% indicating more than half of the cases were colloid goitre, and was the most
common non neoplastic lesion diagnosed histopathologically, next in line was multinodular goitre which
was diagnosed in 82 cases having 39.23% of share, hashimoto’s thyroiditis was diagnosed in 10 individuals
which constituted 4.79% of the total cases. Study also tabulated adenomatous hyperplasia with 3.35% of
population which were associated with colloid goiter and multinodular goiter.
Conclusion: Non neoplastic lesions of thyroid have varied clinical presentation and confirmation of these
thyroid lesions can be done by histopathological study in correlation with clinical presentation. Present
study is intended to evaluate the incidence and categorise histopathologically the types of non neoplastic
lesions of the thyroid in this region.

Keywords: Thyroid, Non neoplastic, Goitre, Thyroiditis.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijpo.2020.023

How to cite : Mahesh Kumar C H, Gayatri M, Non neoplastic lesions of thyroid– Histopathological study. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2020;7(1):118-122

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)