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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


OTFS - A pathological menace leading to double trouble in women


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Author Details : Trupti Vyasrao Katti, Anand Ananthrao Shankar, Tejeshwini Patil

Volume : 3, Issue : 4, Year : 2016

Article Page : 673-678


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Abstract

Background: OTFS are a heterogenous group of tumors with varying stromal activity and produce hormones such as estrogen, androgen or progesterone. These tumors are of due importance as they have widespread clinical, biochemical or pathological effects on various tissues and organs and are commonly observed in female genital tract manifesting as hyperplasias or carcinomas. It is thus important to study OTFS and analyse the associated changes in the endometrium.
Objectives: The aims of present study are: 1. Age distribution and clinical features of OTFS. 2. Histopathological spectra of OTFS. 3. Study of functional status of these tumors and associated endo-myometrial changes.
Methods: Present study of 2 years (2014-2015) analysed 48 cases of OTFS and their corresponding endo-myometrial changes in hysterectomised patients, at department of pathology, Navodaya Medical College, Raichur, Karnataka. Specimens were examined, processed and stained using Hematoxylin and Eosin.
Results: Majority of cases were in reproductive age group (83.3%) compared to postmenopausal (16.7%) category. Most were asymptomatic and few (12%) were symptomatic with menorrhagia and postmenopausal bleeding. Histopathological categories included: surface epithelial tumors (44), dermoid cysts (2), metastatic EOPPC (1) and combined tumor (1). OTFS with active stroma (64.5%) was commonly observed among total cases and the associated endo-myometrial changes, most frequently observed was endometrial polyp (29%) followed by cystoglandular hyperplasia (25.8%), adenomatous polyp (19.4%), adenomatous hyperplasia (16.1%), adenomyosis (8.7%) and leiomyoma (6.5%).
Conclusion: As OTFS with active stroma can have ill effects on endo-myometrium, an appropriate screening of the cases clinically and histopathologically would reduce morbidity and mortality, thus helping in better patient outcome.

Keywords:
Ovarian tumors with functioning stroma, Endocrine manifestations, Active stroma, Endo-myometrial changes

How to cite : Katti T V, Shankar A A, Patil T, OTFS - A pathological menace leading to double trouble in women. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2016;3(4):673-678

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)