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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Blood donation in a tertiary care hospital: How safe is the blood collected?


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Author Details : Manasa G.C., Jagadeshwari K., Bargir Umair Ahmed

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 290-292


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Abstract

Introduction: Blood transfusion has been used since early nineteenth century for various indications in different medical and surgical procedures. Blood Transfusion is also associated with some trivial as well as potentially life threatening complications, demanding thorough pretransfusion screening and testing, mainly for transfusion transmissible infections (TTI).
Objective: Assessment of the prevalence of TTI among blood donors.
Materials and Method: Donor record was reviewed retrospectively from January 2007 to December 2015 at Bapuji Blood bank, JJM Medical College and Hospital, Davangere. All collected samples were screened for Hepatitis B, HIV, Hepatitis C and Syphilis.
Results: Total of 81,824 voluntary and replacement donor’s blood sample were analyzed, of which 2.12% transfusion had transmitted infections. The prevalence of Hepatitis B, HIV, Hepatitis C, Syphilis was 1.71%(1403), 0.26%(213), 0.12%(96), 0.3%(28) respectively.
Conclusion: Even with the stringent strategies adopted in screening donors, TTI is present in the blood collected. Although test is done to detect TTI, risk of TTI persists because of window period. Detection of these TTI in window period is although possible, cannot be employed in developing countries because of increased cost. Hence emphasis should be made on voluntary blood donation and increasing awareness of TTI among the general population.

Keywords:
Transfusion Transmitted Infections, Hepatitis B, Seroprevalance, HIV, Hepatitis C

How to cite : G.c. M, Jagadeshwari K., Ahmed B U, Blood donation in a tertiary care hospital: How safe is the blood collected?. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2017;4(2):290-292

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)