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Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology


Calcinosis cutis in a background of chronic viral infection: Report of 2 cases: Diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology


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Author Details : Kaneeka Bhatnagar, Pavneet Kaur, Vikram Narang, Harpreet Kaur

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 155-157


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Abstract

Calcinosis cutis is an uncommon entity which develops due to the deposition of hydroxyapatite crystals of calcium phosphate in the skin. As the calcific deposits can clinically mimic a tumor, it is feasible to investigate them by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC).
In this study, we describe two cases of calcinosis cutis that were diagnosed by fine needle aspiration (FNA). Both the patients presented with nodular lesions in hand and sacrococcygeal region respectively. Aspiration yielded chalky white material. FNA smears showed flakes of amorphous material indicating calcium along with few macrophages. The presence of amorphous calcium salts along with histiocytes in the appropriate clinical settings is diagnostic of calcinosis cutis. The cases are interesting, since both the patients have positive viral markers and are suffering from debilitating diseases.

Keywords: Calcinosis cutis, Viral infection, Cytology, Calcium.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-6792.2019.0029

How to cite : Bhatnagar K, Kaur P, Narang V, Kaur H, Calcinosis cutis in a background of chronic viral infection: Report of 2 cases: Diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2020;6(1):155-157

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)