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Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


Socio-demographic profile of NSP patients of PTB in a tertiary care hospital


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Author Details : Aradhna Sharma, Dinesh Kansal, Parveen Kumar Sharma, Rekha Bansal, Tarun Sharma

Volume : 3, Issue : 4, Year : 2016

Article Page : 162-164


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Abstract

Introduction: Tuberculosis is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality. The various socio-demographic characteristics of new smear positive (NSP) patients have a pivotal role in the treatment success of tuberculosis.
Aims and Objectives: To study the socio demographic profile in NSP patients of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Dr. R P G M C Kangra at Tanda H.P.
Methodology: This was a prospective observational study conducted in Dr. RPGMC Kangra at Tanda for duration of seven months.  130 new smear positive (NSP) patients of PTB diagnosed were enrolled.  Case record forms including the socio-demographic profile of patients were completed for parameters like name, age, sex, height, weight, education status, occupation, smoking, alcohol intake, family history and contact history. 
Results: Out of the total 130 patients 99 were males and 31 were females. Male female ratio was 3:1. The age (mean ± SD) of patients was 45±15.75 years. 93.8% patients belonged to rural area, 52 (40%) patients were skilled (professional, clerical, employed, shopkeeper), 21(16.2%) were housewives, 20(15.4%) were unskilled (laborer, daily wagers), 19 (14.6%) were farmers, 13(10%) were retired and 5(3.8%) were students. Majority of the patients 103 (79.2%) were non-vegetarian. All the 83 (63.8%) smokers were males. The smoking index (mean±SD) was 333.6±167.8. All the 73(56.2%) alcoholics were males. 25(19.2%) patients had family history of tuberculosis.
Conclusions: The prevalence of tuberculosis is affected by various factors. There was significant association between habits (smoking and alcoholism) of participants and the disease.

Keywords:
Pulmonary tuberculosis, Socio-demographic profile, NSP

How to cite : Sharma A, Kansal D, Sharma P K, Bansal R, Sharma T, Socio-demographic profile of NSP patients of PTB in a tertiary care hospital. Indian J Pharm Pharmacol 2016;3(4):162-164

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Pharm Pharmacol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)