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Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


Prescription pattern and adverse drug reaction profile of drugs prescribed in dermatology out-patient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital


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Author Details: V.M. Motghare, C.S. Bajait, A. Turnakar, S.D. Sontakke, S. Chavan

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2393-9087

Print ISSN : 2393-9079

Article First Page : 173

Article End Page : 177


Abstract

Introduction: Skin diseases are chronic in nature and they require lifetime treatment. Prescription pattern reflects health professional attitude towards the disease and role of drugs in its treatment. The study of prescription pattern is important to make medical care rational and cost effective.
Objective: To evaluate drug prescribing pattern and adverse drug reaction profile in Dermatology department of tertiary care hospital.
Results:  410 prescriptions were analyzed which include 1696 drugs. Majority of drugs prescribed were antihistaminic (20.99%), antibacterial (16.05%), antifungal (9.08%), and corticosteroids (7.78%). Eighteen patients were reported with ADR. Most of ADRs are reported with Antimicrobials (50%) & common ADR was  Maculopapular rash (50%), On severity assessment by modified Hartwig and Siegel’s scale, out of 18 ADRs,  8 (44.44%) were mild, 8 (44.44%) were moderate and 2 (11.11) were severe in nature.
Conclusion: The present study showed antihistaminic were commonly prescribed class & antibiotics were responsible from majority of ADR. Maculopapular rash was most common ADR.

Keywords:
ADR, DU study, Skin diseases

Doi No:-10.18231