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The Journal of Community Health Management

A cross sectional study to assess the role of socio-economic factors in causing depression among the rural population

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Research Article

Author Details : Mohamed Tanveer Ahmed, Jyothi Jadhav*, Navya Sri, Vishwanatha V Neela

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2020

Article Page : 113-118

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Context: Depression is considered to be the significant contributor to the global burden of disease and affects people in all communities across the world. A disorder of major public health importance which leads to decreased productivity and high suicide rates. Therefore, this study was done to know the factors contributing to depression especially among rural population.
Aim: To assess the socio-economic factors and their role in causing depression among rural population.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among the rural population residing in the villages of Nelamangala taluk. Sample size was 570. Data was collected using pre-tested, semi-structured and self designed questionnaire. Level of depression was assessed using Centre for Epidemiological studies- Depression scale. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and appropriate statistical tests.
Results: About 57.9% of the study participants were in the age group of 41-60 years. Majority were males. Almost 46.5% of the study subjects were illiterates. Most of them (47.9%) were from lower middle class family.
Conclusion: In this study, we found that various factors such as advancing age, illiteracy, low socio-economic status and marital status, presence of various co-morbid conditions and substance use had a significant association in causing depression.

Keywords: Socio-economic factors, Depression, Illiteracy, Co-morbid conditions.

Doi : 10.18231/j.jchm.2019.024

How to cite : Ahmed M T, Jadhav J, Sri N, Neela V V, A cross sectional study to assess the role of socio-economic factors in causing depression among the rural population. J Community Health Manag 2020;6(4):113-118

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and J Community Health Manag. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (