Print ISSN:-2394-272X

Online ISSN:-2394-2738

CODEN : TJCHAX

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Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 1

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The Journal of Community Health Management


Uncommon clinical presentation: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum with tracheal rupture


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Case Report

Author Details : Arun Gangadharan, Sonisha Gupta*, Ankur Porwal, Antriksh Srivastava, Jijo Varghese Jose

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 32-35


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Abstract

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is a rare finding in a young adult without any co-morbidities or underlying lung pathology. A 22 year old male smoker, of average built presented with complaints of acute cough, throat pain and chest pain of 2 days duration. After admission he had an episode of hemoptysis & developed swelling over the neck and upper chest. Radiological assessment showed subcutaneous emphysema with tracheal tear. There was no pnemothorax. Likely cause of tracheal tear in this case could be either aspiration of a chicken bone leading to a direct injury to trachea or vigorous cough leading to raised intratracheal pressure causing rupture. As there was no pre existing lung diseases and the patient was not in respiratory distress, he was managed conservatively. The patient was discharged after complete recovery. It shows that spontaneous pneumomediastinum can present without pneumothorax, caused by tracheal rupture due to vigorous cough from food aspiration.

Keywords: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum, Tracheal rupture, Subcutaneous emphysema, Tracheal tear, Vigorous cough, Food aspiration, Ganja.

Doi : 10.18231/j.jchm.2020.006

How to cite : Gangadharan A, Gupta S, Porwal A, Srivastava A, Jose J V, Uncommon clinical presentation: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum with tracheal rupture. J Community Health Manag 2020;7(1):32-35

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and J Community Health Manag. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)