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The Journal of Community Health Management


An epidemiological study of hypertension in a rural population of Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh


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Author Details : Rakesh Ranjan, Siraj Ahmad, Mukesh Shukla, Sneha Soni

Volume : 4, Issue : 1, Year : 2017

Article Page : 5-10


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Abstract

Background: Non-Communicable diseases (NCDs) like hypertension are nowadays emerging as threatening public health issues affecting about each and every individual worldwide.  Prevalence of hypertension has shown an uprising trend over recent past few decades.
Objectives: The present cross-sectional study was therefore undertaken to study the various risk factors associated with hypertension in a rural population of eastern Uttar Pradesh.
Material & Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 796 adult individuals (≥18 years) in rural population of Barabanki district of Uttar Pradesh. Multistage sampling was used for the enrolment of study participants. A pre-designed, pre-tested semi structured questionnaire was used to collect data about basicsocio-demographic information. Anthropometry and blood pressure were measured with standard instruments and appropriate procedures for all the study subjects.
Results: Prevalence of hypertension was 24.1%. Proportion of individuals affected was comparatively higher in males (25.1%) than females (22.4%). Numbers of hypertensive subjects were found to increase with increase in age group. Proportion of pre-hypertensive subjects was even quite high (11.9%). Body mass index (BMI) and waist hip ratio were found significantly more in hypertensive than among normotensive. Variables like upper socio-economic status, sedentary type life style and consumption of tobacco along with alcohol were found to be significantly associated with hypertension.
Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension was found to be quite high, which emphasizes the need for promoting community based comprehensive primordial prevention strategies on large scale at grass root level with provision of basic screening health approaches services.

Keywords:
Hypertension, Cross Sectional Study, Rural

 

How to cite : Ranjan R, Ahmad S, Shukla M, Soni S, An epidemiological study of hypertension in a rural population of Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh. J Community Health Manag 2017;4(1):5-10

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and J Community Health Manag. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)