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IP Journal of Diagnostic Pathology and Oncology


Morphological pattern based analysis of anemia in paediatric age group


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Research Article

Author Details : Aruna Lahari N, Bharathi M*

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 253-255


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Abstract

Introduction: Anemia is a global public health problem and is a significant contributor to the global health
disease. It is more prevalent among low socioeconomic groups. Young children are more vulnerable to the
effects of anemia since it retards the physical and mental growth and development.
Material and Methods: Hospital based prospective cross sectional study was undertaken for a period of
3 months. 200 cases were included for the study with hemoglobin less than 12g% and age group ranging
from 6 months to 5 years.
Results: Maximum numbers of the patients were in the range of 6 months to 1 year. Proportions
of anemia in males was 58% when compared to females 42%. Microcytic hypochromic anemia was
the commonest type of anemia. Of 200 children with anemia studied, 102 children had Microcytic
Hypochromic Anemia, 41 children had Normocytic Normochromic Anemia, 38 children had Normocytic
Hypochromic Anemia,15 children had Dimorphic Anemia and 4 children had Macrocytic Anemia.
Conclusion: Study of patterns of anemia is essential to direct the investigation since it reflects the
underlying etiopathological factors. The Peripheral smear study with automated hemogram is beneficial
and sufficient for diagnosis and morphological sub typing of anemia for the Paediatric population.

Keywords: Anemia, Children, Dimorphic, Hypochromic, Microcytic.

Doi : 10.18231/j.jdpo.2019.052

How to cite : Aruna Lahari N, Bharathi M, Morphological pattern based analysis of anemia in paediatric age group. IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol 2019;4(4):253-255

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)