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IP Journal of Diagnostic Pathology and Oncology


Diagnostic role of FNAC in head and neck lesions: A prospective study


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Research Article

Author Details : Nazia Sheikh, Sumatul Khurshid*, Altaf Malik, Rahil Muzzafar

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 93-98


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Abstract

Introduction: FNAC is simple, rapid, inexpensive, minimallyinvasive technique and with the absence of
complications done on OPD basis to diagnose different types of swellings located in the head and neck.
Head and neck swellings commonly originate from cervical lymph node, thyroid glands, salivary glands,
subcutaneous/cutaneous swellings and soft tissues.
Aims and Objectives: To study the role of FNAC in the diagnosis of non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions
of head and neck in all age groups in Chenab valley.
Materials and Methods: This prospective study was done over a period of 9months from May 2019-
January 2020 in GMC Doda. It was a hospital based study. In this study 116 cases of FNAC Lesions of
various age groups were studied by pathologist for cytology and accordingly diagnosis were made.
Results: The Present study was carried out on 116 patients presenting with head and neck swellings
over a period of 9 months from May 2019 to January 2020. Out of all cases Cutaneous/Subcutaneous
swellings constituted maximum number of cases I;e 46 cases (39.65%); all were of benign nature followed
by lymphnode lesions I;e 41 cases (35.344%) followed by thyroid lesions I;e 23 cases (19.82%) followed
by salivary gland lesions I;e 6 cases (5.17%)
Conclusion: To conclude; FNAC is considered to be the most reliable technique in the early diagnosis of
various Head and Neck lesions so that proper intervention could be taken at earliest possible time in early
stages and should be considered as first line investigation in the evaluation of lesions in head and neck
region.

Keywords: Head and neck lesions, Cytopathology, Diagnosis, Nonneoplastic, Neoplastic.

Doi : 10.18231/j.jdpo.2020.018

How to cite : Sheikh N, Khurshid S, Malik A, Muzzafar R, Diagnostic role of FNAC in head and neck lesions: A prospective study. IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol 2020;5(1):93-98

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP J Diagn Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)