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Journal of Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology


Synchronous squamous cell carcinoma of the lips: A literature review & case report


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Author Details : Riaz Abdulla, Durbakula Karteek, M. Muhaseena, Mandeep Kaur

Volume : 3, Issue : 1, Year : 2017

Article Page : 51-55


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Abstract

Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide accounting for 2–4% of all cancer cases. Second primary tumors (SPT), are considered to be a poor prognostic indicator for overall survival. Synchronous tumors are the SPTs that occur simultaneously or within 6 months of the index tumor. Synchronous squamous cell carcinoma frequently occurs in oral cavity (39%) with incidence rates of the lip ranging from 10 – 18%. SPTs are usually aggressive in nature with early metastasis and therefore require more aggressive treatment. We report a rare case of synchronous oral squamous cell carcinoma occurred in a relatively young patient (< 40 years) involving both upper and lower lips with literature review focusing on the pathogenesis and various studies that reported synchronous Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas of the lip.

Keywords:
Squamous cell carcinoma; Second primary tumor; Synchronous tumor; Field cancerization; Patch theory; Vertical recruitment

How to cite : Abdulla R, Karteek D, Muhaseena M, Kaur M, Synchronous squamous cell carcinoma of the lips: A literature review & case report. J Oral Med Oral Surg Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2017;3(1):51-55

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and J Oral Med Oral Surg Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)