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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Holistic Health


A clinico-epidemiological study of diabetes mellitus among urban and rural population of Lucknow


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Research Article

Author Details : Abhishek Arun*, J P Srivastava, Pratibha Gupta, Beena Sachan

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2019

Article Page : 81-85


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Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus is growing rapidly worldwide and is reaching epidemic proportions. Globally around 366 million people have Diabetes in 2011 and by 2030 this will have risen to 552 million.

Objectives: To estimate prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and to detect undiagnosed Diabetes in urban and rural areas of Lucknow.

Material and Methods: It was a community based cross-sectional study done in the urban and rural areas of Lucknow, under Department of Community Medicine, Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Hospital in subjects aged 20 years and above from August 2017-July 2018.

Results and Observations: The overall prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus was 13.8% which was more in urban (15.8%) as compared to rural (11.7%) areas. Out of total 113 diabetic subjects, 87 (76.9%) knew their diabetic status before the study where as 26 cases (23.1%) were diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus at the time of study. Newly diagnosed cases were more (24.6%) in urban areas as compared to the rural areas (20.9%).

Conclusion: Health policy must be made that include measures to promote Diabetes prevention and control through lifestyle changes, effective but inexpensive drug therapy and comprehensive community health education.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Cross sectional study, Lifestyle changes.

Doi : 10.18231/j.jpmhh.2019.016

How to cite : Arun A , Srivastava J P, Gupta P, Sachan B, A clinico-epidemiological study of diabetes mellitus among urban and rural population of Lucknow. J Prev Med Holist Health 2019;5(2):81-85

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and J Prev Med Holist Health. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)