COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Print ISSN:-

Online ISSN:-2455-8559


Current Issue

Year 2019

Volume: 5 , Issue: 2

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 218

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 108

Telangana Journal of Psychiatry

Presentation of depression: Its relationship with stigma and sociodemographic variables in a tertiary care centre

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Research Article

Author Details : Uday Sankar Mandal, Arijit Mondal*, Chiranjib Ray

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2019

Article Page : 124-132

Suggest article by email


Introduction: Symptomatology of any illness is not only the expression of a pathological process in an individual, but depends upon many factors, such as environment, socio- demographic and cultural back ground and the same thing is also applicable for depression. There are plenty of studies worldwide to support the fact that depressive patients predominantly present with somatic symptoms. Many authors pointed out the influence of culture behind this fact. But the very few highlighted an important explanatory feature of this process with substantial practical and clinical significance – that is, the role of stigma.

Aims and Objectives: To identify interrelation between chief presenting complains of depressive disorder with level of stigma associated, with reference to patient’s socio economic and demographic back ground.

Materials and Methods: Sixty adult patients attending psychiatry OPD for first time with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) has been selected. Semi structured proforma for socio-demographic and clinical variables, Hamilton depression rating scale, distress questionnaire and stigma scale from the selected portion of Eplanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) were used.

Results: Near about half of the patients reported pains or other somatic symptoms most frequently as the most troubling symptom whereas fewer than 20% patients reported sadness as most troubling. Somatic complaints were experienced as less stigmatizing compared to sadness; the difference in mean stigma scores were statistically significant. Stigma scores were positively correlated with depression severity. Family history of psychiatric illness was experienced as more stigmatizing along with unmarried status.

Conclusion: Majority of patients with major depression reported somatic complaints as most troubling which may hinder early recognition. As stigma is positively related with depression severity it may acts as barrier to help seeking. Socio-demographic variables are unrelated with presentation of depression.

Keywords: Presentation of depression, Stigma, Sociodemograhic Variables, Somatization.

Doi : 10.18231/j.tjp.2019.027

How to cite : Mandal U S, Mondal A, Ray C, Presentation of depression: Its relationship with stigma and sociodemographic variables in a tertiary care centre. Telangana J Psychiatry 2019;5(2):124-132

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Telangana J Psychiatry. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (